One way to communicate with patients as a nurse is to get to know your patient. As a nurse it is important to know about your patient rather than just their health problems/process. For example, some things you can ask them is what their hobby is, if they have any children, or other interests in particular. That may help the patient feel comfortable talking about that with you. You can also introduce yourself, like tell them about you or you can explain to them your role in your patient's care. I mean theirs usually some nurses who just go in and do what they have to do and not really communicate with their patient. Now in that case, doing that will not help you increase your communication skills towards your patients. Some patients don't feel comfortable for their physicians to check in them because they both don't have the connection where the patient doesn't feel comfortable.
Another way to communicate with patients as a nurse is to educate them. Patients trust us, along with their physicians, to be their educators. It is important that the patients know/understand what their treatment options and also know the the understanding of the healing process so that they can make educated choices. Some ways to be able to educate them is to either offer them reading materials, provide video resources, or etc. When educating your patient, you have to be sensitive to visual. Through education, patients can be made aware of their disease process and potential treatment options. I mean educating patients is not as easy as one might think.
Lastly, another way to communicate with patients as a nurse is to remain calm and friendly. Being respectful to our patients is important. Not only that but you also have to be respectful to the choices and preferences they make. Making eye contact and appropriate non-verbal gestures when communicating is also another important thing to do. You can start by leaning forward to the direction of the patient. Do not cross your legs or fold your arms as these are defensive postures. All this will clearly demonstrate the patient that you are listening to them which they will appreciate.